Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Ask A Librarian

APA 7th Edition Citation Style Guide

A quick guide to using APA citation style

Film or Video

General Rule:

Director-last-name, First-initial (Director). (Year). Title [Film]. Studio.

Example:

Koster, H. (Director). (1950). Harvey [Film]. Universal Studios. 

Streaming Video

General Rule:

Uploader last-name, First-initial. (Year). Title [format] Website Name. URL 

  • List the person who uploaded the video as author even if they did not create the work. Note the contribution of others in the text narrative. 
  • If both the user name and author's real name are known use the real name followed by the user name in square brackets. 

Example:

CycloneB. (2010). How many licks does it take to get to the Tootsie Roll center of a Tootsie Pop? [Video].

YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xY2A7WIOqCA

 

TV Show from a Series

General Rule:

Writer-last-name, First-initial. (Writer), & Director-last-name, First-initial. (Director). (Year).Title of episode [TV series episode]. In Executive producer last-name, First-Initial (Executive producer), Title of series. Production Company.

Example:

   Whedon, J. (Writer), Des Hotel, R. (Writer), Batali, D. (Writer), & Sarafian, D. (Director). (1998). Killed by death [TV series episode]. In J. Whedon, et al. (Executive Producers), Buffy the Vampire Slayer. WB Television Network.  

 

Music Recording

General Rule:

Writer last name, First-initial. (Year of recording). Title of song [Recorded by artist if different from writer]. On Title of Album. Label. (Year of original composition if different from recording date).

If the song is not associated with an album omit that part of the citation. 

Example:

   Frisell, B. (1999). The pioneers. On Good dog, happy man. Nonesuch Records.