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APA 7th Edition Citation Style Guide

A quick guide to using APA citation style

Journal article

General Rule: 

Last-name, First-initial. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), Pages. DOI link


Madigan, R., Johnson, S., & Linton, P. (1995). The language of psychology: APA style as

epistemology. American Psychologist, 50(6), 428-436.

What is a DOI, and where do I find it?

DOI stands for digital object identifier. It is a unique ID number ideally given to all digitized journal articles and ebooks. The DOI is listed along with the article citation in many databases. DOI numbers are also sometimes found on the first page of an article PDF. Alternately, DOI numbers can be found by searching the Crossref website     

What if I can’t find a DOI?

If no DOI is available for an article that is widely available, such as an article found in a academic research database or in a print journal, end the citation with the page numbers. If the article does not have a DOI but is freely available on a website, include the URL for the work.    


Example of an article citation without a DOI from a database or in print:

Cuddy, C. (2002). Demystifying APA style. Orthopedic Nursing, 21(5), 35-42. 

Example of an article without a DOI from a website:

Akin, E. (2014). In Defense of "Mindless Rote." Nonpartisan Education Review, 10(2), 1-13.