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Active Learning

Active learning includes any type of instructional activity that engages students in learning, beyond listening, reading, and memorizing.



            Mueller, J. (2005). The Authentic Assessment Toolbox: Enhancing Student Learning through Online Faculty DevelopmentJournal of
            Online Learning and Teaching, 1
 (1). Retrieved from,

            Summey, D. (2011). Authentic Assessment Strategies for Online Learning.  Retrieved from, 

            Brindley, J. E., Walti, C., & Blaschke, L. M. (2009). Creating Effective Collaborative Learning Groups in an Online Environment.
            International Review Of Research In Open And Distance Learning, 10(3), 1-18. Retrieved October 1, 2012, from Ebscohost. 

Conrad, R. and Donaldson, J. (2004). Engaging the online learner: Activities and resources for creative learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 

Cooper, J., and Robinson, P. (1998). "Small group instruction in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology." Journal of College Science Teaching 27:383. 

Dawley, L. (2007). The tools for successful online teaching. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing. 

Higbee, J., and Ferguson, K. (2006). Tending the fire: Facilitating difficult discussions in the online classroom. 22nd Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning, Madison, Wisconsin. Retrieved October 4, 2012, from 

Howard, R. (2000). “Collaborative Pedagogy,” in A Guide to Composition Pedagogies, Gary Tate et al., Eds. New York: Oxford University Press. 

Janke, R. (1980). Computational errors of mentally-retarded students. Psychology in the Schools, 17, 30 - 32. 

Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (1989). Leading the cooperative school. Edina, MN: Interaction. 

Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (1993). Implementing cooperative learning. Education Digest, 58 (8), 62-66. 

Locatis, C. (2000). Cooperative learning and distance education online. In An Online Education Sourcebook. Bethesda, MD: National Library of Medicine (DHHS/NIH). 

McGlynn, A. P., & Mercer County Community Coll. Foundation, T. N. (1992). Teaching Tips: Improving College Instruction.

Moore, K. (2009). Effective instructional strategies: from theory to practice (2nd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Palloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. (2005). Collaborating online: Learning together in community. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.