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Intellectual Property


Of the 4 main types of Intellectual Property Protection, Copyright, Trademark, Trade Secret, and Patent, Patent is introduced here.

A Patent is a property right granted by the Government of the United States of America to an inventor "to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention throught the United states or importing the invention intor the United States" for a limited time in exchange for public disclosure of the invention when the patent is granted.

3 Types of Patents

3 Types of Patents

Utility--an new, useful, and nonobvious process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof. 


Design--a new, orginial, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture. 


Plant--an asexually reproduced distinct and new variety of plant.


Criteria for Obtaining a Patent

4 Criteria are

  1. Novelty (New)
  2. Useful (Utility)
  3. Unobviousness
  4. Statutory Class (process or method, machine, article of manufacture, composition of matter, or a new or useful improvement thereof.)

Terms of Patents

The terms of utility and plant patents are 20 years from application date.

The term of design patents is 15 years from date of issue.

Searching Patent Videos

Citing Patents

Citations for patents vary depending on the format:

MLA Citation:

Jobs, Steve, et al. "Highly portable media device." Patent 7,889,497. 15 February 2011.

APA Citation:

Jobs, S., et al. (2011).  U.S. Patent No. 7,880,497. Washington, DC: U.S.

ACS Citation:

Jobs, S., et al. Highly portable media device.  U.S. Patent 7,889,497, 2011.

CSE Citation:

Jobs, S, et al, inventor; 2011 Feb. 15. Highly portable media device. United States patent US 7,889,497.

See also:

Useful Links

U.S. Patent & Trademark Office

USPTO Search Page

USPTO Classification Page

European Patent Office Search Page


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