The template for this guide was Jennifer Corbin's research guide “Comprehensive Literature Review" (http://libguides.tulane.edu/c.php?g=182708&p=1204573), Howard-TiltonLibrary,Tulane University. Additional content is from the University of Santa Cruz Library's guide "Write a Literature Review" (http://guides.library.ucsc.edu/write-a-literature-review). Thanks to the generosity of my colleagues, I didn't have to start from scratch.
What Is a Literature Review?
A literature review is a collection of selected articles, books and other sources about a specific subject. The purpose is to summarize the existing research that has been done on the subject in order to put your research in context and to highlight what your research will add to the existing body of knowledge. Literature reviews are typically organized in some way (chronological, thematic, methodological).
Let's take a look at an example of a literature review in an article, a dissertation, and a review article.
Oliveira, J. S.; Baia, T. C.; Gama, R. A.; Lima, K. M. G. Development of a novel non-destructive method based on spectral fingerprint for determination of abused drug in insects: An alternative entomotoxicology approach. Microchemical Journal 2014, 115, 39-46.
Peace, Michelle Renee'. "Forensic Entomotoxicology: A Study in the Deposition and Effects of Amphetamines and Barbiturates in the Larvae of the Black Blow Fly, Phormia Regina." Order No. 3177624 Virginia Commonwealth University, 2005. Ann Arbor: ProQuest. Web. 18 Aug. 2016.