Although the APA provides clear instructions on how to cite standard publication types, some business-specific resources include unique information that doesn't directly match APA instructions. Because of that, some of the examples and instructions on this page represent the WVU Libraries' interpretation of APA rules. The American Psychological Association maintains a Style Blog that addresses many frequently asked questions.
If you have questions about citing your specific source, please contact the WVU Libraries.
Advertising Red Books. (2016). Under Armour, Inc. profile: Media spend. Retrieved from Advertising Red Books database.
Advertising Red Books. (2016). droga5 profile. Retrieved from Advertising Red Books database.
MarketLine. (2018). New Zealand: In-depth PESTLE Insights. Retrieved from Business Source Premier.
D& B Hoovers (2019). Monsanto Company: Dun & Bradstreet One-Stop Report. Retrieved from D&B Hoover's Pro Access database.
Dai, R. (2010, November). IT consulting in the US: IBISWorld industry report 54151. Retrieved from IBISWorld database.
Soshkin, M. (2015, June). Armored Transportation Services in the US: IBISWorld Industry Report OD5925. Retrieved from IBISWorld database.
Dun and Bradstreet. (n.d.). Loblaws Inc. Retrieved from Mergent Intellect database.
Apple Inc. (2015, October 30). Form 10-K. Retrieved from Mergent Online database.
Mergent Inc. (n.d.). Apple, Inc.: Business segments. Retrieved May 15, 2016, from Mergent Online database.
Mergent Inc. (n.d.) Apple, Inc.: Financial details report. Retrieved January 12, 2016, from Mergent Online database.
Mergent Inc. (2015, February 28). McDonald's Corp.: Ford Equity research report. Retrieved from Mergent Online database.
Mergent Inc. (n.d.). Microsoft Corporation: Full company report. Retrieved March 13, 2016, from Mergent Online database.
Harland, B. (2015, June). Attitudes toward Gaming - US. Retrieved from Mintel database.
Rogers, L. (2015, September). America's Pet Owners - US. Retrieved from Mintel database.
OECD provides citation information for all formats in iLibrary. Look for a link on the right that says: "Cite this publication"; "Cite this dataset; "Cite this graph"; "Cite this table", etc.
Plunkett Research Ltd. (2015, September 4). Introduction to the Travel Industry. Airlines, Hotels & Travel Industry. Retrieved May 17, 2016from Plunkett Research Online database.
Plunkett Research, Ltd. (n.d.). Delta Air Lines Inc. Airlines [Company profile]. Hotels & Travel Industry. Retrieved August 3, 2015, from Plunkett Research Online database.
PrivCo.(2014, February 11). Pinterest Inc.: Private company financial report. Retrieved May 14, 2016, from PrivCo database.
PrivCo.(2008, February). Spotify Ltd. receives Series A investment from Creandum AB, Li Ka-Shing, Northzone Ventures, and others. Retrieved August 20, 2013, from PrivCo database.
Infogroup, Inc. (n.d.). Badnasty Paintball [Company profile]. Retrieved May 1, 2016, from ReferenceUSA database.
Miller, R. K., & Washington, K. (2016). Business-To-Business Marketing 2016-2017. Loganville, GA: Richard K. Miller & Associates.
Simmons Market Research (2014). Fall 2014 NHCS Adult Study 6 Month [Data File]. Retrieved January 21, 2017, from Simmons OneView database.
National Sporting Goods Association. (n.d.). Participation (ages 7+) ranking: Females (no. of part. in thous.) [Data]. Retrieved January 29, 2015, from SBRnet database.
SBRNet. (n.d.). Sports fan market/market size, by sport: Number of fans. [Data]. Retrieved March 13, 2015, from SBRnet database.
February outdoor product sales slip on continued footwear weakness... (2014, March 10). The B.O.S.S. Report. Retrieved from SBRnet database.
RSV pro facilities report: Boston Red Sox. (2014, March). Retrieved from SBRnet database.
Alphaliner. (2016). The world's leading container ship operators as of May 17, 2016, based on total number of ships. Retrieved from Statista database.
Janßen, B., Krützfeldt, W., Ramcke, K. & Staffa, V. (2014, August). Industry report - Computer and electronic product manufacturing NAICS Code 334. Retrieved from Statista database.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2016, May). Monthly percentage of change in real average hourly earnings for all employees April 2015 to April 2016 [Chart]. Retrieved from Statista database.
Website (TiVo). (February 2014). Distribution of time Millennials spent watching video content in the United States as of December 2013, by type [Chart]. Retrieved from Statista database.
Google Inc. (2009, December 31). Annual report. Retrieved from Thomson ONE database.
Google Inc. (2010, September 30). Form 10-Q. Retrieved from Thomson ONE database.
Milunovich, S. & Christiansen, P. (2015, May 1). Apple Inc.: Evidence lab Apple Watch monitor continues to show tepid interest; reducing watch estimates. UBS Global Research. Retrieved from Thomson ONE database.