Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Ask A Librarian

Accounting and Forensic & Fraud Examination

Business Citations

Important Note on Citing Business Resources:

Although the APA provides clear instructions on how to cite standard publication types, some business-specific resources include unique information that doesn't directly match APA instructions. Because of that, some of the examples and instructions on this page represent the WVU Libraries' interpretation of APA rules. The American Psychological Association maintains a Style Blog that addresses many frequently asked questions. 

For citing resources in standard article databases including: ABI/INFORM, Factiva, and Business Source Premier, please consult the Journal Articles or Magazine & News Articles tabs.

If you have questions about citing your specific source, please contact the WVU Libraries.

Citation Management Tools

Advertising Red Books

Advertising Red Books. (2016). Under Armour, Inc. profile: Media spend. Retrieved from Advertising Red Books database.

Advertising Red Books. (2016). droga5 profile. Retrieved from Advertising Red Books database.

Business Source Premier

Country Reports 

Reference Entry:

MarketLine. (2018). New Zealand: In-depth PESTLE Insights. Retrieved from Business Source Premier. 

In-Text Citation: 

(MarketLine, 2018). 

Hoover's Pro Access

D& B Hoovers (2019). Monsanto Company: Dun & Bradstreet One-Stop Report. Retrieved  from D&B Hoover's Pro Access database.


Dai, R. (2010, November). IT consulting in the US: IBISWorld industry report 54151. Retrieved from IBISWorld database.

Soshkin, M. (2015, June). Armored Transportation Services in the US: IBISWorld Industry Report OD5925. Retrieved from IBISWorld database.

Mergent Intellect

Dun and Bradstreet. (n.d.). Loblaws Inc. Retrieved from Mergent Intellect database.

Mergent Online

Apple Inc. (2015, October 30). Form 10-K. Retrieved from Mergent Online database.

Mergent Inc. (n.d.). Apple, Inc.: Business segments. Retrieved May 15, 2016, from Mergent Online database.

Mergent Inc. (n.d.) Apple, Inc.: Financial details report. Retrieved January 12, 2016, from Mergent Online database.

Mergent Inc. (2015, February 28). McDonald's Corp.: Ford Equity research report. Retrieved from Mergent Online database.

Mergent Inc. (n.d.). Microsoft Corporation: Full company report. Retrieved March 13, 2016, from Mergent Online database.


Harland, B. (2015, June). Attitudes toward Gaming - US. Retrieved from Mintel database.

Rogers, L. (2015, September). America's Pet Owners - US. Retrieved from Mintel database.

OECD iLibrary

OECD provides citation information for all formats in iLibrary. Look for a link on the right that says: "Cite this publication"; "Cite this dataset; "Cite this graph"; "Cite this table", etc.

Plunkett Research Online

Plunkett Research Ltd. (2015, September 4). Introduction to the Travel Industry. Airlines, Hotels & Travel Industry. Retrieved May 17, 2016from Plunkett Research Online database.

Plunkett Research, Ltd. (n.d.). Delta Air Lines Inc. Airlines [Company profile]. Hotels & Travel Industry. Retrieved August 3, 2015, from Plunkett Research Online database.


PrivCo.(2014, February 11). Pinterest Inc.: Private company financial report. Retrieved May 14, 2016, from PrivCo database.

PrivCo.(2008, February). Spotify Ltd. receives Series A investment from Creandum AB, Li Ka-Shing, Northzone Ventures, and others. Retrieved August 20, 2013, from PrivCo database.


Infogroup, Inc. (n.d.). Badnasty Paintball [Company profile]. Retrieved May 1, 2016, from ReferenceUSA database.

Richard K. Miller & Associates (RKMA)

Miller, R. K., & Washington, K. (2016). Business-To-Business Marketing 2016-2017. Loganville, GA: Richard K. Miller & Associates.

Simmons OneView

Simmons Market Research (2014). Fall 2014 NHCS Adult Study 6 Month [Data File]. Retrieved January 21, 2017, from Simmons OneView database.

Sports Business Research Network (SBRNet)

Tables/Data Examples:

National Sporting Goods Association. (n.d.). Participation (ages 7+) ranking: Females (no. of part. in thous.) [Data]. Retrieved January 29, 2015, from SBRnet database.

SBRNet. (n.d.). Sports fan market/market size, by sport: Number of fans. [Data]. Retrieved March 13, 2015, from SBRnet database.

Articles/Reports Examples:

February outdoor product sales slip on continued footwear weakness... (2014, March 10). The B.O.S.S. Report. Retrieved from SBRnet database.

RSV pro facilities report: Boston Red Sox. (2014, March). Retrieved from SBRnet database.


Alphaliner. (2016). The world's leading container ship operators as of May 17, 2016, based on total number of ships. Retrieved from Statista database.

Janßen, B., Krützfeldt, W., Ramcke, K. & Staffa, V. (2014, August). Industry report - Computer and electronic product manufacturing NAICS Code 334. Retrieved from Statista database.

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2016, May). Monthly percentage of change in real average hourly earnings for all employees April 2015 to April 2016 [Chart]. Retrieved from Statista database.

Website (TiVo). (February 2014). Distribution of time Millennials spent watching video content in the United States as of December 2013, by type [Chart]. Retrieved from Statista database.

Thomson ONE

Google Inc. (2009, December 31). Annual report.  Retrieved from Thomson ONE database.

Google Inc. (2010, September 30). Form 10-Q. Retrieved from Thomson ONE database.

Milunovich, S. & Christiansen, P. (2015, May 1). Apple Inc.: Evidence lab Apple Watch monitor continues to show tepid interest; reducing watch estimates. UBS Global Research. Retrieved from Thomson ONE database.

Other business citation resources

Figures & Tables

NOTE: Figures mean graphs, photos, illustrations, screenshots, etc. (e.g. not a Table)

Number figures consecutively throughout your paper.

Double-space the caption that appears under a figure.

When you use a figure in your paper that has been adapted or copied directly from another source, you need to reference the original source.  This reference appears as a caption underneath the figure that you copied or adapted for your paper.

If an image, figure or table is reproduced from another source for a published work, permission must be sought from the copyright holder and this information must be included in the caption; it is not enough just to cite the source. For example: Copyright 2014 by the ABC Company. Reprinted with permission.

Sources for tables must be listed in your reference list. Sources for images or figures are not required in your reference list.


Caption under Figure

Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted] from Title of Website, by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Retrieved from URL. Copyright [year] by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.


In text citation format

Table X would indicate that...

Title above table

Table X (Add title or description of table)

Caption below table format

Note. Adapted/Retrieved/Reprinted from Source website. Copyright (Year) by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.

Reference list format

Personal or Corporate Author. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.). Title of specific document. Retrieved from URL of specific document