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Fake News: Home

Consume news with discernment

Introduction & Credit

It matters now more than ever to become skeptical of the news we consume. There are more news sources than we possibly have time for. The ability to tell real news from fake news is an important skill for an educated citizen.  This guide provides insight in telling fact from fiction online, plus a chance to practice the skills. Adapted with permission from the Indiana University East Library.

Fake News Debunked

What kinds of fake news exist?

There are four broad categories of fake news, according to media professor Melissa Zimdars of Merrimack College.

CATEGORY 1: Fake, false, or regularly misleading websites that are shared on Facebook and social media. Some of these websites may rely on “outrage” by using distorted headlines and decontextualized or dubious information in order to generate likes, shares, and profits.

CATEGORY 2: Websites that may circulate misleading and/or potentially unreliable information

CATEGORY 3: Websites which sometimes use clickbait-y headlines and social media descriptions

CATEGORY 4: Satire/comedy sites, which can offer important critical commentary on politics and society, but have the potential to be shared as actual/literal news

No single topic falls under a single category - for example, false or misleading medical news may be entirely fabricated (Category 1), may intentionally misinterpret facts or misrepresent data (Category 2), may be accurate or partially accurate but use an alarmist title to get your attention (Category 3) or may be a critique on modern medical practice (Category 4.)  Some articles fall under more than one category.  Assessing the quality of the content is crucial to understanding whether what you are viewing is true or not.   It is up to you to do the legwork to make sure your information is good.

How Can You Tell?

How to Spot Fake News

Fake News Is a Real Problem

Infographic: Fake News Is A Real Problem | Statista