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CSE (Council of Science Editors) Style Guide: D. Online Article with DOI

Citing Electronic Resources

Electronic resources are cited as print with the URL and/or DOI, digital object identifier, added to the citation. 

Brief Guides to CSE Style

Printable brief guides to CSE style, Name-Year (N-Y). 

Online Article with Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

The general format and example below refers to an online journal article with a DOI (digital object identifier).
Follow the journal title with the medium designator [Internet], the date you retrieved the article, the URL where it is located, and the DOI.  Do not list any other type of document ID number, unless it states it is a DOI.

For the titles of journals, abbreviate the significant words, and leave out other words such as articles, conjunctions, and prepositions. Leave out subtitles.
For Example:
The Journal of Biocommunication = J Biocommun.
JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association = JAMA
Virology = Virology
For a list of journal title abbreviations, see the List of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE.
General Format
In-Text Citation:
(Author date)
Reference List:
Author AA. Year. Article title. Journal title. [Internet]. [cited year Mmm dd]; Volume (Issue): Page Numbers. Available from:
URL doi:

In-Text Citation:
(Yencho et al. 2008)
Reference List:

Yencho GC, McCord PH, Haynes KG. 2008. Internal heat necrosis of potato - a review. Am J Potato Res [Internet]. [cited 2011 Jan 18]; 85(1): 69-76. Available from:  doi: 10.1007/s12230-008-9008-4

Online CSE Guides

The following web pages demonstrate the use of the Name-Year (N-Y) system.