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Chicago Citation Style Guide

A quick guide to Chicago-style citations

Sound Recordings

NOTE:

  1. In Chicago, sound recordings are usually listed in a separate discography, rather than in the bibliography.
  2. A performer or presenter is only given principal credit if they are the focus of the recording.

Note-Bibliography

Note:

     Note#. Writer/Composer/Performer(s), Title of Song or Recording, Other Writer/Composer/Perfomer(s), Year of Issue/Copyright, by Recording Label, Format.

Example:

     12. New York Philharmonic, Concerto in E minor: for violin and orchestra, op. 64 / Mendelssohn, Conducted by Bruno
Walter, New York: Columbia, 1948, Compact Disc.

Short Note:

Note#. Writer/Composer/Performer(s), Title of Song or Recording.

Example:

20. New York Philharmonic                         OR                     20. New York Philharmonic, Concerto in E minor.

Bibliography Entry:

Writer/Composer/Performer(s). Title of Song or Recording. Other Writer/Composer/Perfomer(s). Year of Issue/Copyright,
     by Recording Label. Format.

Example:

New York Philharmonic. Concerto in E minor: for violin and orchestra, op. 64 / Mendelssohn. Conducted by Bruno
     Walter. Recorded 1948. New York: Columbia. Compact Disc.

Author-Date

Note: A performer or presenter is only given principal credit if they are the focus of the recording.

Text Citation:

(Writer/Composer/Performer(s) Year of Issue/Copyright.)

Example:

(New York Philharmonic 1948)

Reference Entry:

Writer/Composer/Performer(s). Year of Issue/Copyright. Title of Song or Recording. Other Writer/Composer/Perfomer(s).
     by Recording Label. Format.

Example:

New York Philharmonic. 1948. Concerto in E minor: for violin and orchestra, op. 64 / Mendelssohn. CD. Conducted
     by Bruno Walter. New York: Columbia.