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APA Citation Style Guide

A quick guide to using APA citation style

Book

General Rule:

Last-name, First-initial. (Year). Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Example:

Gelfand, H., Walker, C. J., & American Psychological Association. (2002). Mastering APA style: Student's workbook and       training guide. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Ebook or online book:

Cite ebooks the same as you would a print book, substituting a doi or web address for the publisher info.

Author-last name, first Initial. (year). Title. doi: number

Author-last name, first Initial. (year). Title. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

Examples:

Moed, H. (2005) Citation Analysis in Research Evaluation. doi: 10.1007/1-4020-3714-7

United States Government Printing Office. (1904). Manual of style for use in composition and proof reading. Retrieved from http://books.google.com

Book Chapter

General Rule:

Last-name, First-initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In First-initial Last-name-of-editor (Ed.) Title of book (pp. pages of chapter). Place of Publication: Publisher.

Example:

Folman, S. & Connor, U. (2005) Writing from sources in two cultural contexts. In Kostouli, T. (ed). Writing in Context(s): Textual Practices and Learning Processes in Sociocultural Settings. (pp. 165-184) New York: Springer.

Entry in a Reference Work

General Rule:

If there is an author listed for the entry cite it as you would any other book chapter if there is no author listed use the following format:

Title of entry.(year).In first-initial. Last-name-of-Editor (Ed.), Title of reference work (# ed., Vol. #, pp. #-#). Location: Publisher.

  • If no editor(s) are listed simply leave out the editor statement

Example:

Crediting sources. (2010). In Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed, pp. 169-192). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

How to cite the DSM:

Make sure to include the specific edition and revision information for the copy of the DSM you consulted.  The DOI for the electronic version of the DSM IV-TR is included in the example citation below. 

Example:

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.).
      doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890423349.