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APA Citation Style Guide

A quick guide to using APA citation style

Journal article found in an electronic source

General Rule: 

Last-name, First-initial. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume, Pages. doi: number

Example:

Madigan, R., Johnson, S., & Linton, P. (1995). The language of psychology: APA style as epistemology.American       Psychologist, 50, 428-436. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.50.6.428

What is a DOI, and where do I find it?

DOI stands for digital object identifier.  It is a unique ID number ideally given to all digitized journal articles and ebooks. The DOI is listed along with the article citation in many databases. DOI numbers are also sometimes found on the first page of an article PDF. Alternately, DOI numbers can be found by searching the Crossref website http://www.crossref.org/guestquery/     

What if I can’t find a DOI?

If no DOI is available for an article you must include the URL of the journal’s homepage at the end of your citation.  This is true even if you found the article in a database.  A google search for the title of the journal is a quick way to find its homepage.     

Example of an article citation with no DOI:

Cuddy, C. (2002). Demystifying APA style. Orthopaedic Nursing, 21, 35-42. Retrieved from                                                  http://journals.lww.com/orthopaedicnursing

 

Journal article found in print

General Rule:

Last-name, First-initial. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume, Pages.

Example:

Ford, C. (2009). Surviving APA style. Med - Surg Matters, 18, 10.